Risks of misinterpretation in the evaluation of Distant Supervision for Relation Extraction

Juan Luis García Mendoza, Luis Villaseñor Pineda, Felipe Orihuela Espina


Distant Supervision is frequently used for addressing Relation Extraction. The evaluation of Distant Supervision in Relation Extraction has been attempted through Precision-Recall curves and/or calculation of Precision at N elements. However, such evaluation is challenging because the labeling of the instances results from an automatic process that can introduce noise into the labels. Consequently, the labels are not necessarily correct, affecting the learning process and the interpretation of the evaluation results. Therefore, this research aims to show that the performance of the methods measured with the mentioned evaluation strategies varies significantly if the correct labels are used during the evaluation. Besides, based on the preceding, the current interpretation of the results of these measures is questioned. To this end, we manually labeled a subset of a well-known data set and evaluated the performance of 6 traditional Distant Supervision approaches. We demonstrate quantitative differences in the evaluation scores when considering manually versus automatically labeled subsets. Consequently, the ranking of performance among distant supervision methods is different with both labeled. Keywords: Relation Extraction. Distant Supervision evaluation. Precision-Recall curves. Precision at N.

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