Information fusion for mental disorders detection: multimodal BERT against fusioning multiple BERTs

Mario Ezra Aragón, A. Pastor López-Monroy, Luis C. González-Gurrola, Manuel Montes-y-Gómez


Given the increasing number of modalities that modern classification problems provide, recently a multimodal BERT transformer (MMBT) was proposed. An interesting opportunity to evaluate the effectiveness of such model is posed by the problem of timely detection of mental disorders of social media users. For this problem, a multi-channel perspective involves extracting from each user post different types of information, such as thematic, emotional and stylistic content. This study evaluates the suitability of tackling this problem by the apparently ad-hoc MMBT, moreover, we further evaluate if regular BERT models could be combined or fused in such a way that could have a chance in a multi-channel arena. For the evaluation, we use recent public data sets for three important mental disorders: Depression, Anorexia, and Self-harm. Results suggest that BERT models can get on their own a data representation that could be later fusioned and boost the classification performance by at least 5% in F1 measure, even surpassing the MMBT.

Texto completo: